Gynecomastia is a condition of overdeveloped or enlarged breasts in males of any age. The condition can be the result of hormonal changes, heredity, obesity or the use of certain drugs. It can cause emotional discomfort and impair self-confidence. Men may even avoid certain physical activities and intimacy simply to hide their condition. The condition is characterized by excess localized fat, excess glandular tissue development, sometimes excess breast skin, and being present unilaterally (one breast) or bilaterally (both breasts).
Gynecomastia surgery reduces breast size in men, flattening and enhancing the chest contours. In severe cases of gynecomastia, the weight of excess breast tissue may cause the breasts to sag and stretch the areola (the dark skin surrounding the nipple). In these cases the position and size of the areola can be surgically improved and excess skin may be reduced. Surgery to correct gynecomastia is technically called reduction mammaplasty.
During your gynecomastia surgery consultation be prepared to discuss:
- Your aesthetic goals
- Medical conditions, drug allergies, and medical treatments
- Current medications, vitamins, herbal supplements, alcohol, tobacco and drug use
- Previous treatments
Your surgeon will also evaluate your general health status and any pre-existing health conditions or risk factors:
- Discuss your options
- Examine your breasts and chest
- Take photographs
- Recommend a course of treatment
- Discuss likely outcomes of a gynecomastia surgical treatment, and any risks or potential complications
- Discuss the type of anesthesia, if any, that will be used.